To enhance and sensitize women, girls, ethnic communities, differently-abled, widows, elderly people, etc. to have equal access to resources and decision making opportunities a orientation on Gender responsive budgeting and Social Inclusion was conducted at Bheriganga Municipality of Surkhet district on 26th December 2017.
After the successful completion of local elections in all seven provinces, people have elected representatives who represent the aspirations of the people and make decisions for them. However, having elected representatives is not adequate, these new municipalities which has been recently declared also requires additional support unlike the already existing and functioning municipalities. These new municipalities require qualified personnel, organizational structures, as well as the basic equipment and infrastructure to fulfill their tasks. Besides this, to cater service in inclusive manner special attention is required in planning as well as budgeting process to address the pervasive, patriarchal social structures and a deep-rooted ethnic caste system woven into the fabric of an otherwise rich, diverse cultural heritage, restricting progress in all major development sectors.
Municipalities are the main centers to reflect the status of development and are of urbanization. However, these municipalities must be strong from infrastructural, social, economic and political perspectives. The declaration of municipal areas without adequate preparation and consultation among local people and the lingering implementation practices has created dilemma on civil servants and local people. The governing system, budget, tax provision etc are different than VDCs in municipalities. People are unwilling to pay higher tax for the similar services offered by the VDC. Due to the low revenue generation potential in the new municipalities, the government will have to bear further responsibilities in these new municipalities. The fiscal responsibilities and budget management with inclusive participation of citizens is higher with the new federal structure where the municipalities and local government units have comparative higher operational decision authority as well as responsibilities .It is of high necessity to the capacity enhancement is central to local government for service delivery and development which is possible with the capacity of municipal staffs, efficient administration, inclusion of marginalized citizens in the budget planning and decision making process holding service providers accountable and service seekers active . With this, municipalities are aimed to be able to implement local government reforms targeting excellent service delivery and access.